The structure and particle size of nanocarbon liquid particle from palm oil mill effluent using the hydrothermal method

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Evi Christiani Sitepu
Gimelliya Saragih
Diman Raymond S. Tambunan
Martha Rianna

Abstract

Palm Oill Mill Effluent is biomass produced in mill from processing palm oil mill. In this research, the structure and particle size of nano carbon particle from palm oill mill effluent (POME) have been succesfully using hydrothermal method. The characterization structure and particle size conducted by XRD, PSA, FTIR and UV-Vis, respectively. The single crystal of carbon structures in all peaks and average crystal size of 30.58 nm confirmed from XRD analysis. Then, PSA analysis informed that average particle sizes of nano carbon from palm oill mill effluent of 1.153 nm. Both analysis of structure and particle size have indicating of nano size from carbon particle synthesize from palm oil mill effluent. FTIR spectrum confirming that functional groups indicate that nanocarbons have been found in POME samples with luminescence generated from the surface state. The POME solution has been successfully converted into nanocarbon in the presence of blue fluorescence under UV light and has light absorption in the UV region at a peak of ~300 nm based from UV-Vis results.

 

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Article Details

How to Cite
Sitepu, E., Saragih, G., Tambunan, D., & Rianna, M. (2022). The structure and particle size of nanocarbon liquid particle from palm oil mill effluent using the hydrothermal method. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 20(2), 136-141. https://doi.org/10.22201/icat.24486736e.2022.20.2.1813
Author Biographies

Evi Christiani Sitepu

Politeknik Teknologi Kimia Industri, Medan 20228, Indonesia

Gimelliya Saragih

Politeknik Teknologi Kimia Industri, Medan 20228, Indonesia

Diman Raymond S. Tambunan

Politeknik Teknologi Kimia Industri, Medan 20228, Indonesia

Martha Rianna

Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia

Laboratorium Fisika Komputasi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia