Electromagnetic fields as a non-invasive alternative therapy for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases

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Juan Jairo Vaca-González
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3829-2558
Juliana I. P. Cantillo Bermúdez
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1598-2302
Liliana Andrea Rodríguez Sarmiento
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8384-9170
Aldemar Fonseca Velásquez
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7904-4676

Abstract

This review article elucidates the application and viability of electromagnetic fields as therapy and rehabilitation method for the treatment of musculoskeletal pathologies. All studies were found in different databases such as Science Direct, Scielo, IEEE, ProQuest, Pubmed, among others, where the search for information contemplated a period of 5 years (2016-2020). Results evidenced that electromagnetic fields used to treat musculoskeletal conditions showed positive results and improvements in reducing chronic and acute pain in different musculoskeletal pathologies such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, nonunions, fractures, fibromyalgia, muscular system injuries, among others. It was possible to evidence that one of the most used magnetic treatments were pulsed electromagnetic fields, which have been implemented to treat joint, muscle and nervous diseases. Additionally, several devices to generate the magnetic stimulation have been designed with a therapeutic and rehabilitation approach, which elucidate the progress in the implementation and acceptance of this type of therapeutic alternatives to treat musculoskeletal conditions. Finally, magnetic stimulation has been also implemented to enhance biomaterials function, evidencing that scaffolds stimulated with electromagnetic fields improve musculoskeletal tissue regeneration.

 

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How to Cite
Vaca-González, J., Cantillo Bermúdez, J., Rodríguez Sarmiento, L., & Fonseca Velásquez, A. (2022). Electromagnetic fields as a non-invasive alternative therapy for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 20(3), 245-259. https://doi.org/10.22201/icat.24486736e.2022.20.3.1790