An Automated method for the analysis of bearing vibration based on spectrogram pattern matching

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P. Arun
S. Abraham Lincon
N. Prabhakaran

Abstract

As a mean for non-intrusive inspection of bearing systems, the scope of predicting their condition from the acoustic vibrations liberated during their operation, utilizing signal processing methods, has been of extensive research, over decades. Vibration being highly non-stationary, time domain as well as spectral features cannot characterize its behavior. Even though spectrogram is a time-frequency domain feature extraction technique, its interpretation is tedious and perhaps, subjective. In the proposed method, the spectrogram images of the normal vibration data is compared with that of the contextual vibration, using Structural Similarity Index Metric (SSIM). It is hypothesized that the pattern similarity between the contextual spectrogram and the baseline is low when the bearing is faulty. The SSIM between the spectrogram image of normal bearing vibration data and the baseline is different from those between the baseline and vibration data corresponding to Inner Race Failure (IRF), Roller Element Defect (RED) and Outer Race Failure (ORF). Via the proposed method of spectrogram pattern matching based on SSIM, the subjectivity in the comparative interpretation of spectrogram is eliminated fully. The SSIM corresponding to the vibrations acquired from the normal and faulty bearings differ with a P value of 4.43693x 10-16. The technique can distinguish defective bearings with, 95.74% sensitivity, 96% accuracy and 100% specificity, without dismantling or open intervention

 

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How to Cite
Arun, P., Lincon, S., & Prabhakaran, N. (2019). An Automated method for the analysis of bearing vibration based on spectrogram pattern matching. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 17(2). https://doi.org/10.22201/icat.16656423.2019.17.2.805
Author Biographies

P. Arun

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, St. Joseph's College of Engineering and Technology, Palai-686 579

S. Abraham Lincon

Department of Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Annamalai University, Chennai-608002

N. Prabhakaran

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, St. Joseph's College of Engineering and Technology, Palai-686 579