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In this paper, an artificial cooperative search (ACS) algorithm tuned adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) controller for optimal gain tuning of load frequency control (LFC) operation in deregulated scenario has been offered. The conventional controllers for load frequency control operation are having fixed gain values intended for nominal operating conditions of the power system and they do not afford effective and efficient performance over a large range of operating scenarios in the deregulated environment. To progress the system performance to its near optimum for all probable operating circumstances of the power system, the controller gains have to be computed for the equivalent operating conditions by using the restructured parameters. For this intention, a controller based on an adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system seems to be the most excellent and valuable preference. The ANFIS is trained by off-line data obtained using a new optimization technique, artificial cooperative search optimization algorithm and the corresponding gains are updated in real-time as per the changing operating conditions. ACS is a swarm intelligence algorithm developed for solving numerical optimization problems. The swarm intelligence philosophy behind ACS algorithm
is based on the migration of two artificial superorganisms as they biologically interact to achieve the global minimum value pertaining to the problem. To exhibit the competence and robustness of the projected ACS algorithm tuned ANFIS controller, the controller has been implemented
on a two-area two-unit interconnected deregulated power system having one reheat unit and one non-reheat unit in each area. The simulation results exhibit the ability of the designed ACS algorithm tuned ANFIS controller for online LFC operation in deregulated environment.
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