A Study on Physical Aging of Semicrystalline Polyethylene Terephthalate below the Glass Transition Point

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M. Farhoodi
S. M. Mousavi
R. Sotudeh-Gharebagh
Z. Emam-Djomeh
A. Oromiehie
H. Mansour

Abstract

Physical aging of semicrystalline polyethylene terephthalate was studied using differential scanning calorimetry(DSC). PET samples with crystallinity content of 0.28 were aged at two different temperatures, 25 and 45°C. Thesamples were stored for several days and periodically tested using DSC method. The glass transition temperature forthe samples aged at 25°C was about 73-74°C, and the position and intensity of endothermic peaks wereapproximately constant. Higher glass transition of the samples aged at 45°C, 73-86°C, was attributed to the enthalpyrelaxation process of amorphous regions of semicrystalline PET. For the samples aged at 45°C, the endothermicpeaks shifted to higher temperatures with increasing aging time. The position of the endothermic peaks determined bythe temperature of the maximum, Tmax, tended to increase with aging time for samples aged at 45°C, and theintensity of the peaks continuously increased with time; however, the results showed that the aging of PET samples at45°C even after 120 days continued the enthalpic relaxation of semicrystalline PET and that the process could bestudied by DSC method. The results also showed that the aging process could affect the final degree of crystallinity ofc-PET samples and the samples stored at 45°C showed higher degree of crystallinity than the samples aged at 25°C.

 

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How to Cite
Farhoodi, M., Mousavi, S. M., Sotudeh-Gharebagh, R., Emam-Djomeh, Z., Oromiehie, A., & Mansour, H. (2012). A Study on Physical Aging of Semicrystalline Polyethylene Terephthalate below the Glass Transition Point. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 10(5). https://doi.org/10.22201/icat.16656423.2012.10.5.360