Improvement of an AC microgrid system’s stability by using a fuzzy logic-based PSS controller

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A. Arora
M. Bhadu


This research article presents the low-frequency oscillation damping control of an AC Microgrid. It is integrated with four distributed generation units in which two DGs are renewable energy source based solar PV and wind energy using DFIG and the other two DGs are conventional synchronous generator-based hydro and diesel generators. There is insufficient generation through renewable-based DG then a diesel generator is employed as an emergency unit to fulfil the requirements and maintain and control the deviation of the frequency of the system. The use of renewable-based DG affected the system's dynamic stability and the characteristics of an integrated microgrid differ from conventional sources of generation. This investigation explores the impression of the deployment of multiple forms of the power oscillation damping (POD) controllers to distributed generation sources of grid forming AC Microgrid. The main various types of POD controllers are conventional lead-lag PSSs, MBPSS-4B, and proposed robust fuzzy logic PSS (FLPSS) controllers are implemented on distributed generation units of AC Microgrid for the elimination of low-frequency oscillation. Low oscillation frequencies between 0.1 and 2 Hz are the focus of this work. The system's damping ratios and stability margins because of MG integration are observed using eigenvalues analysis. The results of the simulation test demonstrate the accomplishment of the robust fuzzy logic PSS controller regarding conventional lead-lag PSSs and the MBPSS-4B controller during circumstances of fault.


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How to Cite
Arora, A., & Bhadu, M. (2024). Improvement of an AC microgrid system’s stability by using a fuzzy logic-based PSS controller. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 22(3), 362–379.