An Optimization Model for the Vehicle Routing Problem in Multiproduct Frozen Food Delivery

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Y. Zhang
X. D. Chen

Abstract

This paper addresses a vehicle scheduling problem encountered in the cold chain logistics of the frozen fooddelivery industry. Unlike the single product delivery scenario, we propose an optimization model that manages thedelivery of a variety of products. In this scenario, a set of customers make requests for a variety of frozen foodswhich are being loaded together. The objective is to find the routes that represent the minimum delivery cost for afleet of identical vehicles that, departing from a depot, visiting all customers only once and returning to the depot.The delivery cost includes the transportation cost, the cost of refrigeration, the penalty cost and cargo damage costbased on the characteristics of different frozen food products. Apart from the usual constraints of time windows andloading weight, the study also takes into account the constraints of loading volume related to the unit volume ofdifferent frozen foods. We then propose a Genetic Algorithm (GA) method for the model. Computational tests withreal data from a case validate the feasibility and rationality of the model and show the efficient combinations ofparameter values of the GA method.

 

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How to Cite
Zhang, Y., & Chen, X. D. (2014). An Optimization Model for the Vehicle Routing Problem in Multiproduct Frozen Food Delivery. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1665-6423(14)72340-5