Effect of Heat Flux on Creep Stresses of Thick-Walled Cylindrical Pressure Vessels

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Mosayeb Davoudi Kashkoli
Mohammad Zamani Nejad


Assuming that the thermo-creep response of the material is governed by Norton’s law, an analytical solution ispresented for the calculation of time-dependent creep stresses and displacements of homogeneous thick-walledcylindrical pressure vessels. For the stress analysis in a homogeneous pressure vessel, having material creepbehavior, the solutions of the stresses at a time equal to zero (i.e. the initial stress state) are needed. Thiscorresponds to the solution of materials with linear elastic behavior. Therefore, using equations of equilibrium, stressstrainand strain-displacement, a differential equation for displacement is obtained and then the stresses at a timeequal to zero are calculated. Using Norton’s law in the multi-axial form in conjunction with the above-mentionedequations in the rate form, the radial displacement rate is obtained and then the radial, circumferential and axial creepstress rates are calculated. When the stress rates are known, the stresses at any time are calculated iteratively. Theanalytical solution is obtained for the conditions of plane strain and plane stress. The thermal loading is as follows:inner surface is exposed to a uniform heat flux, and the outer surface is exposed to an airstream. The heat conductionequation for the one-dimensional problem in polar coordinates is used to obtain temperature distribution in thecylinder. The pressure, inner radius and outer radius are considered constant. Material properties are considered asconstant. Following this, profiles are plotted for the radial displacements, radial stress, circumferential stress and axialstress as a function of radial direction and time.



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Kashkoli, M., & Nejad, M. (2014). Effect of Heat Flux on Creep Stresses of Thick-Walled Cylindrical Pressure Vessels. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1665-6423(14)71637-2