Design and Analysis of All-Terrain Differential-Driven Caterpillar-Wheeled Based Unmanned Fire Extinguisher Robot

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Anish Pandey
Sujeet Singh
Price Kumar
Lalit Kumar Pothal
Rajiva Lochan Mohanty


The usage of wheeled robots in service robots such as planetary exploration robots, pick-and-place robots, cleaning robots, surveillance robots, etc., is continuously increasing day by day. The primary purpose of these service robots is to reduce human resources and minimize human life risk in a hazardous environment. Therefore, in this article, the authors purpose and design the all-terrain differential-driven caterpillar-wheeled based unmanned Fire Extinguisher Robot (FER), which can detect and monitor the fire by using gas (smoke) sensor and temperature sensor. Also, it can extinguish the fire by spreading the fire extinguisher gas. The proposed unmanned FER has been divided into the two assembled units, one unit drives the FER, and another unit is for spreading the fire extinguisher gas through the nozzle of the cylinder. The driving unit of unmanned FER consists of six DC geared motors, two dual DC motor drivers, caterpillar driving wheels, Arduino MEGA microcontroller, Bluetooth module, gas sensor, temperature sensor, and rechargeable lithium-polymer (LiPo) battery. Next, the one DC motor connected with a motor driver controls the fire extinguisher gas cylinder's open and close valve through a Bluetooth signal from an android phone. The specially designed chassis and caterpillar driving wheel arrangement help the FER to travel in any terrain, including stair climbing. Real-time experimental tests have been carried out on the designed unmanned FER during the fire extinguishing process to prove the effectiveness of the developed FER.



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How to Cite
Pandey, A., Singh, S., Kumar, P., Pothal, L., & Mohanty, R. (2022). Design and Analysis of All-Terrain Differential-Driven Caterpillar-Wheeled Based Unmanned Fire Extinguisher Robot. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 20(5), 529-535.
Author Biography

Anish Pandey, +919827878550

Dr. Anish Pandey has completed his doctorate degree (Ph.D.) in robotics and control (Department of Mechanical Engineering in the Design Specialization) from the National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Odisha, India, in July 2016. His research interests are in Bio-Inspired (Nature-Inspired) Optimization Methods, Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, and Evolutionary Algorithms based robot motion and orientation control. He has published thirteen papers in Various Peer Reviewed International Journals, Seven Springer Book Chapters, Ten International Conference Proceedings, and filed four Indian patents. His Google Scholar citations have been 705 with 14 h-index. He has more than four-year Post Ph.D. experience in teaching and research. Currently, he is working as a Professor (Assistant II) at the School of Mechanical Engineering at KIIT Deemed to be University, An Institute of Eminence, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. He has been teaching many subjects in UG and PG (Machine Design Branch) like Machine Design, Mechanics of Solids, Engineering Graphics, Finite Element Method, Mechatronics, and Mechanical Vibration for the last four years. He has guided three M. Tech. projects, four B. Tech. group projects, and one Ph.D. student (On going). Presently, he is focusing on designing and fabrication of Autonomous Cleaning Robot, Roller Walker Robot, and NAO (Humanoid) Robot. Dr. Anish Pandey is the potential reviewer of many prestigious journals like Elsevier, IEEE Transactions, Wiley, Emerald, Springer, SAGE, IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Engineering Review, International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, and Robotica. He is the editorial member of three esteemed journals like the International Journal of Advance Robotics & Expert Systems (JARES), Journal of Mechanical and Manufacturing Process, and Artificial Intelligence Advances (AIA) Journals. Moreover, he has received a certificate of outstanding contribution in reviewing from ISA Transaction Elsevier in April 2017.