Production of Cellulose and Chitin Nanofibers Based Masks for Protecting Against Corona Virus: A Review

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Farah Fahma
Afrinal Firmanda
Elsa Widiastuti
Mohamad Adnan Syarif
Syifa’ Robbani
Muhammad Syukur Sarfat
Ridwansyah Ridwansyah
Yessy Rosalina
Glory Shafire Pradipta
Syarifah Rohana Maghfiro
Elfa Susanti Thamrin
Renny Utami Somantri

Abstract

The corona virus or SARS-CoV2 is a pathogenic virus that has become a pandemic and a threat in almost all countries in the world. SARS-CoV2 belongs to the Coronaviridae family with particle sizes varying around 60 nm - 140 nm. Various regulations and prevention have been designed to reduce the impact of Covid-19 by SARS-CoV2. Several technologies and studies have been developed to form nanofiber woven membranes. Cellulose nanofibers and chitin/chitosan nanofibers have been studied and are known to have nanometer-sized structures smaller than SARS-CoV2. Chitin/chitosan has been investigated to have antiviral properties, especially corona virus. Cellulose nanofibers, and chitin/chitosan nanofibers has the potential to be developed for Covid-19 virus nanofiltration masks. Various active agents (nanosilver, nanogold, CuO, etc.) have been known to have antiviral and/or antibacterial properties so that they can be used as nanofillers to enhance the performance and effectiveness of nanofibers based masks against SARS-CoV2.


 

 

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How to Cite
Fahma, F., Firmanda, A., Widiastuti, E., Syarif, M., Robbani, S., Sarfat, M., Ridwansyah, R., Rosalina, Y., Pradipta, G., Maghfiro, S., Thamrin, E., & Somantri, R. (2022). Production of Cellulose and Chitin Nanofibers Based Masks for Protecting Against Corona Virus: A Review. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 20(5), 613-629. https://doi.org/10.22201/icat.24486736e.2022.20.5.1374