Optimal hybrid inventory replenishment runtime for a vendor- buyer coordinated system with breakdowns and rework/disposal of nonconforming items

Main Article Content

Singa Wang Chiu
Hua Yao Wu
Peng Cheng Sung

Abstract

Most multinational/transnational manufacturers that own internal supply chains and operate in turbulent world markets apply strategies related to product quality, low-cost, and timely delivery. This study aims to assist such firms with making accurate decisions to enable their competitive strategies and cope with the realities of limited capacity and unreliable equipment. We examine a vendor-buyer coordinated system featuring batch fabrication, outsourcing, quality reassurance, discontinuous deliveries, and an unreliable machine. The system outsources a portion of a lot to reduce manufacturing uptime, and the in-house fabrication system experiences undesirable defective items and Poisson distributed breakdowns. In each cycle, corrective action and rework/disposal of defective stocks are undertaken as these incidents occur, and upon receipt of outsourced products and when the entire batch is quality ensured, it makes multiple deliveries of the end products. Using modeling, formulation, derivation, and an optimization methodology, we obtain the problem’s cost function and justify its convexity. We then apply differential calculus and propose a recursive algorithm to derive the problem’s optimal replenishment runtime. A numerical illustration is offered to show the applicability of the result that reveals various important system characteristics/ capabilities, such as the distinct and combined influences of breakdowns, outsourcing, rework, scrap, and delivery-frequency factors on various system parameters, performance, and optimal runtime. The methods proposed here can facilitate managerial operations planning and strategic decision making in an intra-supply chain setting in practice.

 

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Article Details

How to Cite
Chiu, S., Wu, H., & Sung, P. (2020). Optimal hybrid inventory replenishment runtime for a vendor- buyer coordinated system with breakdowns and rework/disposal of nonconforming items. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 18(4), 197-213. https://doi.org/10.22201/icat.24486736e.2020.18.4.1195
Author Biographies

Singa Wang Chiu

Dept. of Business Administration, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 413, Taiwan

Hua Yao Wu

Physics Dept., College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, State University of New York at Oswego, NY, USA

Peng Cheng Sung

Dept. of Industrial Engineering & Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung